Stem Cell

What is regenerative medicine?

Regenerative medicine is an increasingly important, incredibly promising area of medicine which focuses on improving the repair and regeneration of damaged tissue. Organ and bone marrow transplants were early forms of regenerative medicine. Our expanding understanding of cell biology, immunology and other fields has opened new avenues of treatment for previously untreatable conditions and traumas.

How are stem cells used?

Regenerative Medicine - How are stem cells used?

Stem cells form the metaphorical backbone for regenerative medicine.

The human body contains billions of specialized cells, which each perform a task in our organs, tendons, joints, muscles, etc. Red blood cells, for example, transport oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. They cannot replace muscle cells because they are not capable of performing the same function.

Stem cells are unspecialized. They do not have a specialized task. Instead, the stem cells focus on producing more cells. They aid your body by regenerating damaged tissue and replenishing dying cells.

Your body’s natural regeneration process can be overcome by a sudden trauma or the slow, steady wear down of tissue over time. In these cases, degeneration is faster than regeneration. Injecting stem cells to the damaged location can boost your body’s regenerative abilities in that specific location.

What can be regenerated?

One day, scientists hope to use stem cells to remedy currently incurable diseases and regenerate whole organs. That future is closer than you may think!

The Stem Cell Orthopedic Institute of Texas provides safe, established options for patients experiencing:

  1. Osteoarthritis
  2. Hip pain
  3. Knee pain
  4. Degenerative disk disease
  5. Rotator cuff tear/tendonitis

Are there types of regenerative medicine other than stem cell therapy?

Yes! Platelet rich plasma therapy (PRP) uses concentrated blood plasma to stimulate collagen growth, decrease inflammation, and treat pain. PRP can be used to treat damage across the body, including but not limited to:

  1. Rotator cuff tear/tendonitis
  2. Tennis elbow
  3. Golfer’s elbow
  4. Jumper’s knee
  6. Whiplash
  7. Hamstring tears

What are the risks?

As with any operation, there are risks. Complications from bone marrow biopsies, which are a necessary step in stem cell therapy, are rare. Only 26 out of 58,596 biopsies experience an adverse effect. These include:

  1. Pain
  2. Serious Bleeding
  3. Infection
  4. Hematoma
  5. Fracture

What are the results?

The WOMAC questionnaire measures a patient’s abilities and pain when walking, sitting, bending, lifting, standing, and preforming other basic daily tasks. After going through stem cell therapy, the average patient saw a 42% improvement in their WOMAC score. After 3 to 6 months, the average pain relief improved 79% for patients.

Who is a candidate for regenerative medicine?

If your cartilage, ligaments, tendons, or joins experience regular pain due to a trauma or the wearing down of their tissue, you may be a candidate for regenerative medicine.

If the hematocrit for Patients with anemia is below 30 or their hemoglobin is below 10, they may not be a candidate for stem cell therapy. Certain medications also may decrease the effectiveness of stem cell therapy. Blood thinners, for example, would need to be stopped prior to a procedure.

How can I receive treatment?

If you believe you may be a candidate for regenerative medical treatments, call the Stem Cell Orthopedic Institute of Texas at (210) 293-3136 about how to get started.


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