The Power of ADULT STEM CELLS
MESENCHYMAL STEM CELLS do the following:
- by releasing certain proteins that decrease inflammation (called CYTOKINES).
- MSC’s at the site of injury undergo a differentiation into CHONDROCYTES (cartilage), OSTEOBLASTS (bone), ADIPOCYTES (muscle).
- MSCs have great potential for cartilage repair which makes them quite attractive for Orthopedic joint problems.
MSC’s Secrete Growth Factors (Paracrine function) that will:
- Increase blood vessel growth in injured areas and assist in tissue repair.
- Increase collagen production in tissues.
- Prevent scarring at injured tissue and tendon sites.
- Stimulate Angiogenesis (increases blood vessel growth) and thusly increases circulation to the injured area.
- MSC’s self-replicate and produce new bone, cartilage and muscle.
- Repair damaged or injured tissue (articular cartilage, bone)
- MSCs recruit local PROGENITOR CELLS and instruct them to carry out regenerative functions
- Stem cells stop the death of injured cells by increasing blood vessel growth and nutrition.
- Stem Cells inhibit certain bad cancer cells to grow
- They inhibit the maturation of immune cells.
- Stem Cells MIGRATE to injured areas with inflammation and dock there (HOMING). While there, they can differentiate into tissue specific cells and therefore substitute for loss cellular function.
STEM CELLS Protect the host cells.