All About Stem Cell Injections
Stem cells have been scientifically researched since the 1980s. Medical researchers believe that stem cell treatments have the potential to change the face of human disease and lessen suffering. The therapy is generally safe because the stem cells are collected from the patients themselves and minimize the risk of an unwanted reaction. Stem cell research continues to grow and provide new knowledge.
Why stem cells?
Stem cells have the ability to renew themselves and make many other kinds of cells – which makes stem cell research in such high demand. They serve as an internal repair system by dividing endlessly to replenish other cells throughout life. When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential either to remain a stem cell or become a specialized cell, like a muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell.
There are two types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells.
Embryonic stem cells
Embryonic stem cells are derived from embryos. They are found in eggs that have been fertilized in vitro for an infertile couple. These are excess fertilized eggs that are typically donated for research with the donor’s consent.
Embryonic stem cells can create any type of cell in the body, except for the placenta or umbilical cord tissues. Unfortunately, they are only found during the developmental stages. By law, it cannot be used in humans in the U.S. because they are potentially cancerous.
Adult stem cells
There are many different types of blood cells, but adult stem cells are the safest and most effective. After we are born, adult stem cells replace the cells that are lost through normal wear-and-tear or disease. Their job is to replenish their particular tissues. They replace dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues. Adult stem cells can create several kinds of cells in their home tissues. However, in their normal environments, adult stem cells can’t create cell types outside their particular tissues.
Adult stem cells are found in many organs and tissues, including the brain, bone marrow, peripheral blood, blood vessels, skeletal muscle, skin, teeth, heart, gut, liver, ovarian epithelium, and testis. Sometimes, these stem cells may not ever divide… until a tissue injury occurs.
Mesenchymal stem cells
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are adult stem cells that have proven to be the most successful type of stem cell used in stem cell treatments. They are typically extracted from the bone marrow and aid in bone and cartilage repair. However, they can also be found in other tissues, including cord blood, peripheral blood, fallopian tube, fetal liver, and lungs.
MSCs are multipotent and have a high capacity for self-renewal while maintaining multipotency. They are commonly used to differentiate to form adipocytes, cartilage, bone, tendons, muscle, and skin. MSCs also have growth factors that can increase blood vessel growth in injured areas, aid in tissue repair, increase collagen production in tissues, prevent scarring, stimulate angiogenesis, and increase circulation to the injured area.
What diseases have stem cells treated?
Many people think of a stem cell transplant when they think about stem cells treating diseases. In stem cell transplants, stem cells replace the cells that were damaged by chemotherapy or another disease or as a way for the donor’s immune system to fight certain cancers and blood-related diseases.
Stem cell treatments are used for a number of diseases and disorders. There is still research underway for using stem cells for various benefits. They have been tested to treat burn victims, repair damage to the eye, cure arthritis, and more. Stem cell therapy is mostly known for treating those with diseases and conditions of the blood and immune system.
Today, there are 65 various diseases that can be treated with stem cells, including heart diseases, neural diseases, bones, eyesight, lungs, blood diseases, diabetes, liver diseases, kidney diseases, and muscle repair.
How does stem cell therapy work?
At the Stem Cell Orthopedic Institute of Texas, stem cell injections are generally painless with little down time. The patient will receive a light sedation before the procedure, and then a needle will extract the stem cells from the bone marrow in the hip. The iliac crest in the hip has the highest number of stem cells. Then, the cells will be processed through a bedside centrifuge to retrieve the stem cell concentrate and remove the undesired cells. Then, it will be reinjected into the injured area.
The process takes less than an hour, and patients will receive a customized rehabilitation program to aid in the recovery process.
Visit the Stem Cell Orthopedic Institute of Texas
If you are interested in stem cell treatment, visit the Stem Cell Orthopedic Institute of Texas, located in San Antonio. We treat a number of various disorders and diseases with stem cell injections and will design a program just for you. Call us at (210) 293-3136 to get started on your pain-free journey.